On July 16, 1958, the Congress in the United States adopted what was then called the National Aeronautics and Space Act. Then on July 29 in 1958 president Dwight D Eisenhower signed the National Aeronautics and Space Act, creating NASA, and the agency began operating two months later on October 1 just shy of a year after the Soviet Union launched Sputnik, the first satellite.


In addition to the moon landing, NASA has sent rovers to Mars and explored the solar system with numerous probes, used telescopes to peer deep into the far reaches of space and joined with other countries, including Russia, in building and maintaining the International Space Station, a permanent outpost of humanity in space.

Quite a résumé.

Read more at NASA.