Private space travel was effectively illegal until 2004. Then came along the Commercial Space Launch Amendments Act of 2004, which ripped away the limitations of space travel and effectively allowed private resources to be funneled into the exploration of space. Since then we’ve seen some amazing advancements in space technologies. Numerous private spacecraft has been launched – and returned – to Earth. Elon Musk’s SpaceX has restocked the International Space Station.

By providing money to companies like SpaceX, Boeing, Blue Origin (featured image) and Sierra-Nevada to develop human-rated spacecraft able to ferry humans to and from ISS and beyond, the U.S. government is helping private companies develop human-rated spacecraft that they can use to take private paying individuals into space.

In this latest video by PBS Space-Time, they examines if the future of space exploration should be guided by public or private entities, asking which is better?