Science Magazine looked into the history and quirks of cold matter and why the International Space Station may soon be home to the coolest spot in the universe.

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The Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) is a state of matter of a dilute gas of bosons cooled to temperatures very close to absolute zero, under which a large fraction of bosons occupy the lowest quantum state, at which point microscopic quantum phenomena, particularly wavefunction interference, become apparent.