Credit: Chris Stingers

Svante Paabo – Director, Department of Genetics, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary
Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany


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Featured image:

Chris Stringer’s hypothesis of the family tree of genus Homo, published in Nature (“Evolution: What makes a modern human”).

Homo floresiensis originated in an unknown location from unknown ancestors and reached remote parts of Indonesia. Homo erectus spread from Africa to western Asia, then east Asia and Indonesia; its presence in Europe is uncertain, but it gave rise to Homo antecessor, found in Spain. Homo heidelbergensis originated from Homo erectus in an unknown location and dispersed across Africa, southern Asia and southern Europe (other scientists interpret fossils, here named heidelbergensis, as lateerectus).

Homo sapiens spread from Africa to western Asia and then to Europe and southern Asia, eventually reaching Australia and the Americas. In addition to Neanderthals and Denisovans a third gene flow in Africa is indicated at the right as published by Michael F. Hammer (“Genetic evidence for archaic admixture in Africa”). See references below.

Part I.

Part II.


Genetic evidence for archaic admixture in Africa
Evolution: What makes a modern human