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New digital techniques have allowed researchers to predict structural evolution of the skull in the lineage of Homo sapiens and Neanderthals, in an effort to fill in blanks in the fossil record, and provide the first 3D rendering of their last common ancestor.

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Here, lead researcher Dr. Aurélien Mounier from Cambridge’s Leverhulme Centre for Human Evolutionary Studies describes part of the research that led to this ‘virtual fossil’.