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Few people think of evolutionary biology or anthropology when they see a doctor, but they should. To understand how and why our bodies are the way they are requires consideration of the evolutionary and cultural histories of our bodies. Many lines of evidence indicate that the evolution of human hunting and gathering was made possible by a suite of adaptations that transformed our ancestors into superlative endurance athletes. This history continues to shape our bodies today. In this illustrated lecture, evolutionary biologist Daniel Lieberman argues that an evolutionary perspective offers crucial insights for figuring out how to help people prevent illness and promote good health.

Daniel Lieberman is a professor of human evolutionary biology at Harvard and has published numerous studies about why the human body looks and behaves the way it does. His new book is Story of the Human Body: Evolution, Health and Disease.